Ahead of International Migrants Day, new report shines light on forcibly displaced minorities and indigenous peoples – no escape from discrimination at home, en route and on arrival
Guaranteeing stronger rights protections for all, including minorities and indigenous peoples, rather than building walls or restricting travel, is ultimately the only effective and sustainable response to the forced displacement of millions of people around the world today, says Minority Rights Group International in a new report.
The rights organisation is launching No escape from discrimination: Minorities, indigenous peoples and the crisis of displacement to mark International Migrants Day.
‘The world’s leaders are planning to gather in 2018 to sign two Global Compacts – one on refugees and one on migration,’ explains Carl Söderbergh, MRG’s Director of Policy & Communications. ‘We fear that in the rush by most states to emphasise border control and return, the rights of those affected by displacement will get lost – most especially minorities and indigenous peoples.’
The report focuses on the discrimination behind displacement among minorities and indigenous peoples, and the drivers uprooting them from their homes, such as conflict and extremism.
In Myanmar, amidst an orchestrated campaign of executions, sexual assault and village burning, more than 620,000 Rohingya have been forced to flee during 2017. But their persecution has its roots in their exclusion from the list of 135 state-defined ethnicities in the 1982 Citizenship Act. Violent crackdowns, dislocations and discrimination meant that the majority of Rohingya people could not meet subsequent documentation requirements, in practice rendering the whole community stateless.
Minority communities, such as Yezidis, are at risk of disappearing in Iraq following large-scale violence and displacement. In Central African Republic, violence by anti-balaka fighters has led to the virtual removal of the country’s Muslim minority in some areas.
Climate change and land rights violations also play a part.
In Colombia, military and business interests have exploited the vacuum caused by the decades-long civil conflict to appropriate large swathes of communal land belonging to Afro-Colombian and indigenous populations, who comprise 70 per cent of those displaced in the first half of 2017. In India, of the more than 60 million displaced by mining and industrial developments since independence, around 40 per cent are Dalits and another 40 per cent tribal people.
Hundreds of thousands of nomadic herders in Mongolia have been forced in recent years by increasingly unstable weather conditions to resettle in Ulaanbataar, where they reside in informal settlements without access to basic services or adequate housing.
Importantly, the report also looks at how discrimination shapes the experience of minorities and indigenous peoples whilst in transit.
Members of religious minorities from Syria who have fled to refugee camps in neighbouring states such as Jordan or Lebanon, may face continued discrimination not only from officials and citizens in their host country, but also from fellow Syrians belonging to other communities.
Finally the report examines the hostility from majority communities to new arrivals, and how this shapes the experience of integration and inclusion once minorities and indigenous peoples settle in the new countries they now call home.
Hostile attitudes about diversity and multiculturalism which were once fringe have now become mainstream, whilst the debate about current immigration and the needs of long-established minorities within arrival countries has become blurred, says MRG.
In Hungary, the recent vilification of refugee arrivals, particularly Muslims, has exacerbated age-old discrimination against Roma. In the Netherlands Wilders has specifically spoken about the country’s ‘Moroccan problem’ and was convicted by a court in December 2016 of inciting hatred.
‘Governments must urgently address racism and discrimination towards minority refugees and displaced at every stage in the process of flight – as a root cause of displacement, as a contributing factor towards the exploitation while in transit, and as a barrier to integration upon arrival,’ urges Söderbergh. ‘Simply put: less restrictions, more protections.’
Notes to editors
- No escape from discrimination: Minorities, indigenous peoples and the crisis of displacement is available for download here.
- Minority Rights Group International is the leading international human rights organization working to secure the rights of ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities and indigenous peoples. We work with more than 150 partners in over 50 countries.
For further information or to arrange interviews contact:
Emma Eastwood, Senior Media Officer, Minority Rights Group International (London, UK)
T: +44 (0)207 4224205 / M: +44 (0)7989 699984