A4, 36pp, ISBN 1 897 693 53 2
Burundi has experienced conflict throughout most of its history since independence in 1962. The violence has generally been interpreted as ethnic, but, as this Report demonstrates has in fact been of a distinctly political nature, manipulated by elites wishing to capture or maintain power. Ethnicity has proved a strong mobilising force where a numerical minority – the Tutsi – currently controls much of the state, including the army; and the numerical majority – the Hutu – are politically and economically marginalized.
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