Invitation for Bids for a Baseline Study on the Status of Discrimination against Historically Marginalized People in Rwanda  

Duration: 3 months

Application Deadline: 9th November 2018

Start Date: 12th November 2018



The European Union (EU) is currently funding a project in Rwanda implemented by Minority Rights Group International (MRG), African Initiative for Mankind Progress Organization (AIMPO) and Women’s Organization for Promoting Unity (WOPU).  The grant is to implement a three year project titled “Strengthening the capacity of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), Human Rights Defenders (HRDs) and Media Houses to challenge discrimination against Historically Marginalized People and promote their Human Rights in Rwanda”. The proposed action seeks to “contribute to the elimination of discrimination against Historically Marginalized Peoples (HMPs) in Rwanda by empowering Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), Human Rights Defenders (HRDs) and the Media so that they are able to effectively defend and promote their human rights”.   In order to achieve this, the action will strengthen the capacity of CSOs, HRDs and Media to effectively challenge discrimination and advocate for greater respect and promotion of the rights (political, civil, economic, social and cultural rights) of HMPs through a number of trainings and advocacy campaigns at different levels.  For effective and efficient pursuit of our objectives, there is need for fresh and accurate information on current state of HMP’s human rights, both positive and negative.



In order to establish issues affecting the HMPs, Minority Rights Group International wishes to hire a consultant to conduct a baseline study in order to ascertain the status of HMP human rights and discrimination in Rwanda with regards to Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ESCR) and Civil and Political Rights (CPR), and gather authoritative & quantitative evidence for training, awareness and advocacy purposes.  The Study will cover Kigali City and areas of Nyagatare, Gatsibo and Gicumbi districts in Eastern Province and Burera, Musanze, and Nyabihu districts in Northern Province.   The consultancy is for a period of 3 months, beginning from 12th November 2018 and will include desk review work, field data collection, data analysis and report writing. The partners encourage Consultancy Firms, groups or individual experts that can assign one consultant specialized in human rights to apply.

The findings will inform policy and boost local organizational knowledge about HMP issues at local, national and international levels. In addition, it will also be used as an advocacy tool by CSOs while advocating for full respect and promotion of the rights of HMP at different fora.  The evidence collected and analysis made from this study shall inform the project partners regarding which pertinent right issues to be addressed throughout the project implementation through various activities.



The overall objective of the consultancy is to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the situation of HMP in Rwanda, identify human rights challenges they face, mainly focusing on discrimination issues in access to key resources and services, key policy and implementation gaps and make recommendations. Specific objectives include:

  • To assess the current political and policy framework under which HMP people operate in districts under study;
  • To review basic human rights, focusing on ESCR and CPR as set out in Rwandan Constitution, international and regional conventions and how they apply to Rwandan context;
  • To conduct a comprehensive analysis of all the policies, laws, and practices affecting HMP vis-à-vis ESCR and CPR in Rwanda;
  • To assess the extent to which HMP are involved in decision making (differential involvement by men and women should be captured clearly) in socio-economic and political sphere in Rwanda
  • To develop a detailed, accurate and authoritative report on and ESCR and CPR abuses experienced by Indigenous people in Rwanda with reference to the districts under study.
  • To provide recommendations on how best the each of the identified issues can be addressed by partners in this project.



The study will be conducted in districts of Nyagatare, Gatsibo, Burera, Musanze, Nyabihu and Gicumbi and Kigali City.  The Consultant will also be expected to generate primary data through appropriate sampling techniques consistent with the outlined methodology.



The study will be conducted in a participatory manner by the consultant and his or her team. AIMPO and WOPU (MRG’s partners in Rwanda) staff from Kigali Office will provide necessary guidance and where relevant, may accompany the consultant on field visits. The researcher will make sure that women, elderly and traditional institutions are given an opportunity to fully participate in the process of this study.  The exercise will be conducted in systematic and coordinated phases:

  1. Desk study involving literature review. For the policy, law and practice analysis, the following documents must be reviewed
  2. The Constitution of Rwanda
  3. The HMP Policy
  4. The land law and policy
  5. The environment law and policy
  6. The conservation policy
  7. The UBUDEHE Programme
  8. The Girinka programme
  9. Bye Bye Nyakatsi Programme
  10. Resettlement Policy
  11. Umurenge SACCOs poverty alleviation in Rwanda
  12. The education policy
  13. The health policy
  14. Rwanda Vision 2020
  15. The Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy
  16. Gender Equity initiatives
  17. Mutual health insurance scheme
  18. The Community Rehabilitation and Development project
  19. Agricultural programs including the Girinka Program

All other relevant policies that may not be in the above list.

NOTE: documents for review must also include relevant instruments that Rwanda is a party to and assess the status of compliance including the implementation of the UPR Recommendation as well as other concluding observations from treaty bodies. The Consultant (s) should also review relevant existing materials relevant to the status of HMPs

  • Field research with selected communities and possibly a group of organizations. This phase will include key informant interviews, in depth interviews with HMP community members (both men and women) and focus group discussions. Here, the researcher will formulate questionnaires to be used in the collection of data from the HMP in districts under study;
  • Data analysis; and
  • Report writing.

Preliminary findings will be presented to MRG for review. Their comments will be incorporated before a final report is produced.



The Consultant shall submit the following:

1. An inception report upon selection and signing of the contractual agreement. ‘The inception report will cover the following:

  • A detailed action plan, timetable, and budget including personnel and proposals for regular activity reporting on progress to MRG
  • Full and complete data from the assessment
  • Draft report in English upon completion of fieldwork and analysis.

2. A final report that follows EU visibility guidelines and Communication and Visibility Plan as approved by EU (2 hard copies and an electronic copy in English) after review, validation and acceptance of the draft report by MRG, and necessary amendments by the consultant. The draft and final reports will be in A4 size and size 12 font and must include: The draft and final reports will be between 45 and 50 pages in A4 size and Times New Roman font size12, single spacing and must include:

  • Executive summary
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Data presentation
  • Findings and Discussions
  • Recommendations and conclusions
  • Annexes, including list of acronyms, terms of reference, methodologies and instruments, budgets and plans, full and complete data, persons interviewed, reports and organizations consulted and any other requirements as necessary



The Consultant should be available to start the work on 12th November 2018.  It is envisaged that the consultant will deliver the first draft of the report on 12 Feb. 2019 and final by end of February 2019.



The consultants must have undertaken similar works in Rwanda and should have the following qualifications:

Knowledge and Experience

  • In-depth knowledge of the current issues affecting HMP in Rwanda
  • Membership to human right networks, and/or participation and leadership in alliances and committees on these rights;
  • Extensive of experience in collecting and integrating gender dis-aggregated data, needs and views, including gender approaches and knowledge with respect to national development policies.

Skills and Qualifications

  • Master’s Degree in Social Sciences, Community Development or other related fields; A PhD will be an added advantage.
  • At least five years’ experience in conducting gap analysis and assessments;
  • Profound knowledge in human rights (especially minority and indigenous rights) analysis;
  • Experience in conducting research in Rwanda and with Indigenous people;
  • Proven experience in conducting participatory research using qualitative and quantitative methods, with excellent analytical skills;
  • Excellent oral and written English; knowledge of Kinyarwanda is an added advantage
  • Excellent analytical and report writing skills;
  • Proven experience in community centered methodologies;
  • Excellent interpersonal and team work skills;
  • Computer proficiency with good knowledge of Windows and statistical packages preferably Excel;
  • Knowledge of the Banyarwanda culture and traditions as well as the customary laws
  • Knowledge of Rwandan government processes/structures, Constitution, national strategies and international frameworks such as United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights, SDGs, and others.



The Consultant will submit a proposal covering both technical and financial areas. The following shall be included:


  • Demonstration of the consultant’s understanding of the terms of reference. This will be included as an interpretation of the consultant’s understanding of the requirements of this assignment rather than a summary or re-statement of the Terms of Reference.
  • A detailed methodology on how the assessment will be conducted, including valid sampling method(s) for data collection, possible respondents and linking these with the tools to be administered to each respondent or category of respondents.
  • A clear and detailed work plan with dates and geographical areas specified
  • Outline the major activities and link consultancy team members to each
  • Propose an implementation time schedule
  • Curriculum Vitae of all personnel to be involved in the review. Outline of support personnel and services available to consultants
  • Names, addresses, telephone numbers of representatives of two organizations that will act as professional referees: These must be persons of managerial responsibility at the level where such reviews as these can be authorized
  • Full names, post office box, telephone numbers, e-mail address, physical address and contact person of the consultancy
  • Tax clearance certificate from Rwanda Revenue Authority

2. Financial: 

  • An itemized and detailed budget, with unit costs, for consultancy fees as well as administrative and support costs such as travel, accommodation and office support such as stationary. Please note that MRG will not provide transport, meals and accommodation to the consultant or research assistants during the study. The consultant is expected to indicate the associated costs in the financial proposal.
  • All costs must be expressed in RWF (Rwandan Franc) for comparison purposes.



All documents, project designs, drawings, technical data, field data and information shall be treated as confidential and shall not, without the written approval of MRG, be made available to any third party. MRG will have copyright of these materials. In addition, the consultant(s) formally undertake(s) not to disclose any parts of the confidential information. The utilization of the reports is solely at the decision and discretion of MRG. All the documents containing both raw data/materials provided by MRG and final reports both soft and hard copies shall be returned to MRG upon completion of the assignment.



MRG will nominate a representative to supervise the study. In addition, MRG, through its partners based in Rwanda, will mobilize stakeholders, introduce the consultant to Government officers and other stakeholders, share relevant literature and pay the consultant as per the terms of the contract.



All data, report(s), findings and other information arising from or generated as a result of this review are and shall remain the sole property of MRG. No use shall be made of this information in any way whatsoever nor shall any report or portion of any report(s), or any data, findings or other information be reproduced except with the prior written permission of the Coordinator of MRG



Technical and financial proposals should be electronically sent separately clearly marked “Baseline Study on the Status of Discrimination against Historically Marginalized People in Rwanda” and addressed to Ntakirutimana Richard and cc Balikunda Felicien so as to reach us not later than 9th Nov. 2018 at 11:59pm midnight Kigali time.

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