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ILO Recommendation concerning Equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value (No. 90), 1951

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ILO Recommendation concerning Equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value (No. 90), 1951

 

Recommendation concerning Equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value
Recommendation:R90
Place: Geneva
Session of the Conference:34
Date of adoption=29:06:1951

The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation,
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, and having met in its Thirty-fourth Session on 6 June 1951, and
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to the principle of equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value, which is the seventh item on the agenda of the session, and
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of a Recommendation, supplementing the Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951,
adopts this twenty-ninth day of June of the year one thousand nine hundred and fifty-one, the following Recommendation, which may be cited as the Equal Remuneration Recommendation, 1951:
Whereas the Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951, lays down certain general principles concerning equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value;
Whereas the Convention provides that the application of the principle of equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value shall be promoted or ensured by means appropriate to the methods in operation for determining rates of remuneration in the countries concerned;
Whereas it is desirable to indicate certain procedures for the progressive application of the principles laid down in the Convention;
Whereas it is at the same time desirable that all Members should, in applying these principles, have regard to methods of application which have been found satisfactory in certain countries;
The Conference recommends that each Member should, subject to the provisions of Article 2 of the Convention, apply the following provisions and report to the International Labour Office as requested by the Governing Body concerning the measures taken to give effect thereto:
1. Appropriate action should be taken, after consultation with the workers’ organisations concerned or, where such organisations do not exist, with the workers concerned:
a. to ensure the application of the principle of equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value to all employees of central Government departments or agencies; and
b. to encourage the application of the principle to employees of State, provincial or local Government departments or agencies, where these have jurisdiction over rates of remuneration.
2. Appropriate action should be taken, after consultation with the employers’ and workers’ organisations concerned, to ensure, as rapidly as practicable, the application of the principle of equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value in all occupations, other than those mentioned in Paragraph 1, in which rates of remuneration are subject to statutory regulation or public control, particularly as regards:
a. the establishment of minimum or other wage rates in industries and services where such rates are determined under public authority;
b. industries and undertakings operated under public ownership or control; and
c. where appropriate, work executed under the terms of public contracts.
3.
1. Where appropriate in the light of the methods in operation for the determination of rates of remuneration, provision should be made by legal enactment for the general application of the principle of equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value.
2. The competent public authority should take all necessary and appropriate measures to ensure that employers and workers are fully informed as to such legal requirements and, where appropriate, advised on their application.
1. When, after consultation with the organisations of workers and employers concerned, where such exist, it is not deemed feasible to implement immediately the principle of equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value, in respect of employment covered by Paragraph 1, 2 or 3, appropriate provision should be made or caused to be made, as soon as possible, for its progressive application, by such measures as:
a. decreasing the differentials between rates of remuneration for men and rates of remuneration for women for work of equal value;
b. where a system of increments is in force, providing equal increments for men and women workers performing work of equal value.
1. Where appropriate for the purpose of facilitating the determination of rates or remuneration in accordance with the principle of equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value, each Member should, in agreement with the employers’ and workers’ organisations concerned, establish or encourage the establishment of methods for objective appraisal of the work to be performed, whether by job analysis or by other procedures, with a view to providing a classification of jobs without regard to sex; such methods should be applied in accordance with the provisions of Article 2 of the Convention.
2. In order to facilitate the application of the principle of equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value, appropriate action should be taken, where necessary, to raise the productive efficiency of women workers by such measures as:
a. ensuring that workers of both sexes have equal or equivalent facilities for vocational guidance or employment counselling, for vocational training and for placement;
b. taking appropriate measures to encourage women to use facilities for vocational guidance or employment counselling, for vocational training and for placement;
c. providing welfare and social services which meet the needs of women workers, particularly those with family responsibilities, and financing such services from general public funds or from social security or industrial welfare funds financed by payments made in respect of workers without regard to sex; and
d. promoting equality of men and women workers as regards access to occupations and posts without prejudice to the provisions of international regulations and of national laws and regulations concerning the protection of the health and welfare of women.
3. Every effort should be made to promote public understanding of the grounds on which it is considered that the principle of equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value should be implemented.
4. Such investigations as may be desirable to promote the application of the principle should be undertaken.

 

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