The Basters, a mixed-race Afrikaans-speaking community, are descendants of groups that migrated in the nineteenth century from the Cape in South Africa to settle at Rehoboth, south of Windhoek. Though far less marginalized than some other groups, many Basters have a strong sense of minority identity.
Groups of mixed-race South Africans migrated from the Cape to settle at Rehoboth, south of Windhoek, in 1868, where they displaced Nama people and rapidly established their own institutions Even under German and South African colonial rule, Basters maintained broad autonomy.
It was therefore perhaps not surprising that at Namibian idendependence in 1990, Basters were wary of losing autonomy over their communal lands, and the Baster leadership even briefly declared independence. Among other grievances, some Basters disagreed with the Namibian government’s allowance of women’s suffrage. Baster leaders sought through the courts to maintain their autonomy, and in 1993 a court ruled in their favour., But in 1995, the government won an appeal, setting the stage for further appeal. In 1996 the Namibian Supreme Court upheld the ruling in favour of the government, and the following year the Baster leadership, beset by legal bills, announced its acquiescence to the finding and its cooperation with the SWAPO government in Windhoek.
After its defeat in court and the passing of an outspoken generation of leaders, much of the Baster community shows indifference to the autonomy issue, and its new leadership has sought conciliation with the Namibian government.