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1 January 2003

Aceh is located on the northern tip of Sumatra, bordered on the north by the Malacca Strait and on the south by the Indian Ocean. About 4 million people live in the province, which covers an area of nearly 250,000 square km. The capital is Banda Aceh and the main language spoken (next to Bahasa Indonesia) is Acehnese.

Extracted from ‘Indonesia: Regional Conflicts and State Terror’, by Mieke Kooistra, 2001.

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Mieke Kooistra