MRG calls on Turkey government to end pressure on pro-Kurdish institutions and urges renewed dialogue with PKK for peaceful solution to current conflict
Grave violations of the Kurdish community’s rights to political participation and freedom of expression are seriously undermining all hope for true democracy and lasting peace in Turkey, says Minority Rights Group International (MRG).
On 16 August 2016, the pro-Kurdish daily newspaper Ozgur Gundem was shut down following a court order for spreading ‘terrorist propaganda.’ The newspaper’s office was seized by the security forces and several journalists were detained. Twenty-two of them were released on 18 August and some declared that they had been ill-treated during police custody. On 11 August 2016, the Istanbul office of the pro-Kurdish People’s Democracy Party (HDP) was raided by the police.
‘The Turkish authorities are acting indiscriminately and setting the rule of law aside,’ says Carl Soderbergh, MRG’s Director of Policy & Communications. ‘In the process, they are targetting law-abiding actors crucial to maintaining peaceful dialogue between communities, including the media and political parties.’
The raid on the HDP’s Istanbul office came hours after twin bomb attacks in the mainly Kurdish southeast, attributed by the security forces to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK). According to Doğan Erbaş, co-head of HDP Istanbul, contrary to the law, no members of HDP were asked to be present during the police raid, nor were they informed of the reasons for the operation, during which office furniture and equipment was damaged and computer hard drives were confiscated. Seventeen official members and volunteers of the HDP Istanbul office were detained on the same night.
The declaration of a state of emergency throughout Turkey on 20 July following the failed coup attempt on 15 July, the lifting of parliamentary immunity from prosecution for HDP lawmakers and other MPs in May, and an indictment which accuses HDP’s head, and his deputy, of publicly praising the PKK and its jailed leader Abdullah Ocalan, are also all causes for serious concern, says MRG.
The southeast of the country has seen some of the most intense fighting since the 1990s, after a ceasefire between the Turkish state and the PKK collapsed in July 2015. In many towns mostly populated by Kurds, such as Şırnak, Cizre, Sur and Nusaybin, houses have been demolished, curfews are in force and hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced. The area saw further bloodshed on 18 August with bomb blasts killing at least ten people and wounding hundreds.
‘MRG is deeply concerned that this cycle of violence is spiralling out of control, with devastating impact especially on civilians,’ added Soderbergh. ‘MRG calls on the Turkish government to respect its international obligations, end human rights violations committed against pro-Kurdish institutions and open up space for freedom of expression and participation. We also strongly urge the government to re-start dialogue with the PKK in order to find a lasting peaceful solution to the Kurdish question.’
Turkey rose 19 places in MRG’s Peoples under Threat 2016 survey, which ranks countries where communities are most under threat of mass killing or genocide.
Notes to editors
- Minority Rights Group International is the leading international human rights organization working to secure the rights of ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities and indigenous peoples. We work with more than 150 partners in over 50 countries
- Read MRG’s latest report, Discrimination based on Colour, Ethnic Origin, Language, Religion and Belief in Turkey’s Education System
- For more information, please contact the MRG Press Office on press
Photo: Kurdish women in Turkey / Charles Roffey